Publications & Resources
Universities through the looking glass : benchmarking university governance to enable higher education modernization in MENA (World Bank)
Available in Arabic
- Internationalization of Higher Education in MENA: Policy Issues Associated with Skills Formation and Mobility (World Bank)
- Breaking Even or Breaking Through: Reaching Financial Sustainability while Providing High Quality Standards in Higher Education in the Middle East and North Africa (World Bank/AFD)
- Higher Education Indicators Data
- Higher Education at a glance
- University Governance Screening Card Data
- Online University Governance Survey
- Program Brochure
- Building Universities of the Future for the Youth of Today - May 31, 2012
- Universities Measuring Up - April 5, 2012
- New benchmarking tool helps universities grade themselves - February 14, 2012
- Breaking even or breaking through: financial sustainability and MENA’s higher education - October 19, 2011
- Press release: Universities Through the Looking Glass - May 31, 2012
- Feature story: Universities Through the Looking Glass - May 31, 2012
- IPEMED article: “Adriana Jaramillo: Combattre l’inadéquation entre le système éducatif et le marché du travail" - November 21, 2011
- Interview: Reforms needed in higher education to meet the needs of young people in Middle East and North Africa - October 21, 2011
- Press release: Reforms needed in higher education to meet the needs of young people in Middle East and North Africa - October 21, 2011
Regional Workshop - "Lessons Learned from Benchmarking University Governance in MENA"
Rabat, December 10-11, 2012
Report Launch: Universities Through the Looking Glass
May 30, 2012
Workshop: “Building a University Governance Screening Card”
Cairo, November 26-27, 2011
Report launch: “Breaking Even or Breaking Through: Reaching Financial Sustainability while Providing High Quality Standards in Higher Education in the Middle East and North Africa”
Paris, October 21, 2011
Seminar: “Higher education in the Mediterranean and beyond: How to reach financial sustainability while providing high quality standards?”
Marseille, January 24-25, 2011
Seminar: “Enhancing Qualifications Frameworks and Quality Assurance in MENA”
Marseille, June 14-15, 2010
Seminar: “Universities as key partners for good governance practices in the MENA region”
Marseille, December 16-17, 2009
University Governance and Quality Assurance
Strong university governance practices ensure that universities define and implement their goals; manage their academic programs, student life, and physical, financial, and human resources; and monitor their achievements and results, such as whether programs match market needs and graduate students with needed skills. With a University Governance Screening Card already implemented in 60 universities from six countries (Egypt, Morocco, Palestine, Lebanon, Algeria, and Tunisia) and a regional report, this pillar now includes an online survey for higher education institutions and a databank.
Financially sustainable higher education institutions and systems are equipped to meet growing student demand and weather various economic climates. In partnership with the French Development Agency, the Program held a workshop in January 2011 and launched a report, Breaking Even or Breaking Through, in October 2011.
The Program released a report in September 2011 about student mobility trends in and out of the region and how to develop internationalization strategies geared toward improving the skills and employability of students and raise the research and innovation capacity of institutions.
In recent years, enrollment in higher education in MENA has increased significantly. Average enrollment across the region increased 20 to 30 percent between 2000 and 2008. However, although student enrollment numbers are increasing, there is still a gap compared to other, developed countries. In OECD countries, the proportion of the adult population with at least an associate’s degree is 14.5 percent, with countries like Ireland as high as 20 percent.
Higher education has been proven to facilitate economic growth and to encourage innovation, social mobility, and democracy. Having higher education credentials alone, however, is not enough: the labor market must have the flexibility to expand and adapt to accommodate the strengths of the work force. In MENA, however, despite the availability of more skilled workers, the job market has remained limited, and graduates from higher education institutions constitute a larger proportion of the unemployed population than those of faster-growing economies. Youth unemployment rates in MENA are higher than any other region in the world – 21 percent in the Middle East and 25 percent in North Africa – and university graduates with at least an associate’s degree make up nearly 30 percent of the unemployed.
The MENA regional program on higher education recognizes these disparities and seeks to improve post-basic education and related institutions in the region. The mission of the program is to
- Improve employability of tertiary education graduates
- Facilitate mobility of students, teachers and graduates across the region
- Develop analytical tools to improve the management and quality of tertiary education
- Promote knowledge sharing on quality, governance, and financing issues