About the 2012 MED Report
While countries increasingly see sound environmental practices as critical to long-term growth, policy implications for transitioning to a green growth agenda are less clear. The 2012 MED Report "Towards Green Growth in the Mediterranean Countries" gathers evidence on the environmental, social and economic performance of natural assets and key sectors from several countries bordering the Mediterranean. It reveals environmental and economic gains or "co-benefits" in some sectors, trade-offs and hard-choices in others. The authors also discuss estimates of gross and net job creation for the Mediterranean countries over the next ten years, if a shift to green growth policies is operated.
The report offers a range of policy tools that can help facilitate the move towards green growth and related job creation focusing on fiscal reforms, market-based instruments, greater environmental responsibility, eco-labeling and certification. The report makes actionable recommendations at the national level jointly within the context of broad economic reforms and presents a case for regional cooperation between governments and international institutions to preserve threatened natural assets.
Based on a review of case studies and best practices, the findings will be useful to policy makers, academia, civil society actors and donors alike who wish to promote a green growth agenda, encourage green national accounting and monitor environmental actions.
The 2012 MED Report, a publication of the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI), is the result of a cooperative and consultative process, held in several Mediterranean countries, in which national and regional policy makers, partners, experts, and local private stakeholders were invited to share their experiences and expectations and to identify relevant case studies with environmental and growth issues in the southern and eastern countries of the Mediterranean.
The Report was produced by a consortium led by the World Bank in partnership with the Agence Française de Développement (AFD), the European Investment Bank (EIB), Plan Bleu (UNEP/MAP regional activity centre), and the Forum Euro-Méditerranéen des Instituts de Sciences Economiques (FEMISE).
They talk about...
- "Green growth means to sustain a descent, healthy and productive life for us and for our children; we live on a land borrowed from the future generations. Making the human rights greener is the main objective we should strive for, but jobs is our main concern, with the 2012 MED Report we have some thoughts to deal with both of these issues."
H.E. the Palestinian Minister of Environment Dr. Yousef Abu-Safieh
- "As a corroboration of the CMI 2012 MED Report, Morocco is strongly committed in the transition to green growth, in particular in the sectors enlightened by the report such as energy, sanitation or waste management. The programs implemented could lead to the creation of thousands of jobs".
H.E. the Moroccan Minister of Economy and Finance, M. Nizar Baraka
- "The protection of the environment and of natural resources is a necessity, if we want to give future generations a better life. The value of this report is that it shows that this task is not only necessary and possible but that it produces economic benefits and creates jobs. I believe that this is an inspiring message, especially for the young generation in the Southern Mediterranean."
Mr. Gerd Leipold, former Executive Director of Greenpeace International
Introduction: The case for a green growth agenda in Mediterranean countries
In this Chapter: What is green growth about? // Economic performance in Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries (SEMCs) // The Mediterranean as a hotspot of environmental degradation // Mainstreaming the environment in economic policies.
Chapter 1: Short-Term Opportunities for Co-Benefits
In this Chapter: Enhancing energy efficiency // Enhancing public health by reducing air and water pollution // Upgrading solid waste management and resource efficiency.
Chapter 2: Maximizing the Productivity of Natural Assets While Dealing with Trade-Offs
In this chapter: Optimizing water supply and quality // Managing coastal areas to maximize ecosystem services and sustainable tourism // Moving toward sustainable urbanization // Cooperating to make fisheries sustainable.
Chapter 3: Environmental Action and Job Creation
In this chapter: A tense demographic context and a low rate of job creation // Sectoral mechanisms of green impact on economic activity and jobs // Jobs and greening: Neither myth nor automatic dividend.
Chapter 4: Doing Green: Assessing Environmental Progress and Identifying Strengths and Priorities in Environmental Action
In this chapter: Action-oriented environmental indicators for Mediterranean countries // Using multi-criteria analysis to identify strengths and priorities // Assessing sub-national environmental performance // Green national accounting for the Mediterranean countries.
Chapter 5: Tools for Environmental Action and the Implementation of a Green Growth Agenda
In this chapter: Promoting social equity and economic growth through environmental fiscal reforms // Promoting tradable rights and payments for ecosystem services // Corporate social responsibility and socially responsible investment in Mediterranean countries // Changing consumer and producer behaviour: Promoting ecolabels and certification.
Chapter 6: Conclusions and Call for Action
In this chapter: Green growth is pure economics—and can generate benefits // Green growth for the Mediterranean is feasible // A blend of market and nonmarket instruments will be needed to maximize the potential for co-benefits...